Erich von Stroheim

februari 28th, 2017

Erich von Stroheim (born Erich Oswald Stroheim; September 22, 1885 – May 12, 1957) was an Austrian-American director, actor and producer, most notable as being a film star of the silent era, subsequently noted as an auteur for his directorial work. He died in 1957 in France, at age 71.

Stroheim was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1885 as Erich Oswald Stroheim, the son of Benno Stroheim, a middle-class hat-maker, and Johanna Bondy, both of whom were observant Jews.

Stroheim emigrated to America at the end of 1909. On arrival at Ellis Island, he claimed to be Count Erich Oswald Hans Carl Maria von Stroheim und Nordenwall, the son of Austrian nobility like the characters he played in his films, but both Billy Wilder and Stroheim’s agent Paul Kohner claimed that he spoke with a decidedly lower-class Austrian accent. Jean Renoir writes in his memoirs: “Stroheim spoke hardly any German. He had to study his lines like a schoolboy learning a foreign language.” Later, while living in Europe, Stroheim claimed in published remarks to have ”forgotten” his native tongue. In Renoir’s movie la Grande Illusion, Stroheim speaks German with a strong American accent.

However, the fashion photographer Helmut Newton, whose first language was German, used a clip from a Stroheim film on which to base one of his fantasy nude photographs, and he has commented that in the clip Stroheim speaks ”a very special kind of Prussian officer lingo – it’s very abrupt: it’s very, very funny”.

By 1914 he was working in Hollywood. He began working in movies in bit-parts and as a consultant on German culture and fashion. His first film, in 1915, was The Country Boy in which he was uncredited. His first credited role came in Old Heidelberg.

He began working with D. W. Griffith, taking uncredited roles in Intolerance. Additionally, Stroheim acted as one of the many assistant directors on Intolerance, a film remembered in part for its huge cast of extras. Later, with America’s entry into World War I, he played sneering German villains in such films as Sylvia of the Secret Service and The Hun Within. In The Heart of Humanity, he tears the buttons from a nurse’s uniform with his teeth, and when disturbed by a crying baby, throws it out of a window.

Following the end of the war, Stroheim turned to writing and then directed his own script for Blind Husbands in 1919. He also starred in the film. As a director, Stroheim was known to be dictatorial and demanding, often antagonizing his actors. He is considered one of the greatest directors of the silent era, creating films that represent cynical and romantic views of human nature. (In the 1932 film The Lost Squadron Stroheim played a parody of himself as a fanatic German film director making a World War I movie who orders extras playing dead soldiers to ”Stay dead!”)

His next directorial efforts were the lost film The Devil’s Pass Key (1919) and Foolish Wives (1922), in which he also starred. Studio publicity for Foolish Wives claimed that it was the first film to cost one million dollars.

In 1923, Stroheim began work on Merry-Go-Round. He cast the American actor Norman Kerry as Count Franz Maximilian von Hohenegg, a part written for himself, and newcomer Mary Philbin in the lead actress role. However studio executive Irving Thalberg fired Stroheim during filming and replaced him with director Rupert Julian.

Probably Stroheim’s best remembered work as a director is Greed, a detailed filming of the novel McTeague by Frank Norris. He originally started it as a project with Samuel Goldwyn’s Goldwyn Pictures. Stroheim had long wanted to do a film version of the book. He originally intended it to be a highly detailed reproduction of the original, shot mostly at the locations described in the book in San Francisco and Death Valley. Von Stroheim shot in San Francisco with his actors in period dress and Silent Movie makeup while the city itself was represented in its modern form. Automobiles can be seen in the background of some scenes and any ”extras” or passersby are in (what was for the time) modern clothing. When the production did move to Death Valley it was in the middle of summer. Greed is also considered by some film historians to be the first feature-length film shot on location. The original print ran for an astonishing 10 hours. Knowing this version was far too long, Stroheim cut out almost half the footage, reducing it to a six-hour version to be shown over two nights. It was still deemed too long, so Stroheim and director Rex Ingram edited it into a four-hour version that could be shown in two parts.

However, in the midst of filming, Goldwyn was bought by Marcus Loew and merged into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. After rejecting Stroheim’s attempts to cut it to less than three hours, MGM removed Greed from his control and gave it to head scriptwriter June Mathis, with orders to cut it down to a manageable length. Mathis gave the print to a routine cutter, who reduced it to 2.5 hours. In what is considered one of the greatest losses in cinema history, a janitor destroyed the cut footage.

The shortened release version was a box-office failure, and was angrily disowned by Stroheim. In particular, he blamed Mathis for destroying his pet project, since she was credited as a writer due to contractual obligations wholesale football socks. However, Mathis had worked with Stroheim before and had long admired him, so it is not likely she would have indiscriminately butchered his film. The film was partially reconstructed in 1999 by Producer Rick Schmidlin, using the existing footage mixed with surviving still photographs, but Greed has passed into cinema lore as a lost masterpiece.

Stroheim followed with a commercial project, The Merry Widow (his most commercially successful film) and the more personal The Wedding March and the now-lost The Honeymoon.

Stroheim’s unwillingness or inability to modify his artistic principles for the commercial cinema, his extreme attention to detail, his insistence on near-total artistic freedom and the resulting costs of his films led to fights with the studios. As time went on he received fewer directing opportunities.

In 1929, Stroheim was dismissed as the director of the film Queen Kelly after disagreements with star Gloria Swanson and producer and financier Joseph P. Kennedy over the mounting costs of the film and Stroheim’s introduction of indecent subject matter into the film’s scenario.

After Queen Kelly and Walking Down Broadway, a project from which Stroheim was also dismissed, Stroheim returned to working principally as an actor, in both American and French films. He appeared as a guest star in the 1953 anthology drama television series Orient Express in the episode entitled The Man of Many Skins go glass water bottle.

Working in France on the eve of World War II, Stroheim was prepared to direct the film La dame blanche from his own story and screenplay. Jean Renoir wrote the dialogue, Jacques Becker was to be assistant director and Stroheim himself, Louis Jouvet and Jean-Louis Barrault were to be the featured actors. Max Cossvan was to produce the film for Demo-Film. The production was prevented by the outbreak of the war on September 1, 1939, and Stroheim returned to the United States.

Stroheim is perhaps best known as an actor for his role as Rauffenstein in Jean Renoir’s La Grande Illusion (1937) and as Max von Mayerling in Billy Wilder’s Sunset Boulevard (1950).

For the latter film, which co-starred Gloria Swanson, Stroheim was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Excerpts from Queen Kelly were used in the film. The Mayerling character states that he used to be one of the three great directors of the silent era, along with D. W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille; many film critics agree that Stroheim was indeed one of the great early directors. Stroheim’s character in Sunset Boulevard thus had an autobiographical basis that reflected the humiliations suffered through his career.

Stroheim was married three times. He was married to Margaret Knox from 1913 to 1915; His second marriage was to Mae Jones from 1916 to 1919. He was never divorced from his third wife Valerie Germonprez, though he lived with actress Denise Vernac, from 1939 until his death. Vernac also starred with him in several films. Two of Stroheim’s sons eventually joined the film business: Erich Jr. (1916–1968) as an assistant director and Josef (1922–2002) as a sound editor.

Stroheim spent the last part of his life in France, where his silent film work was much admired by artists in the French film industry. In France he acted in films, wrote several novels that were published in French, and worked on various unrealized film projects. He was awarded the French Légion d’honneur shortly before his death in 1957 in Maurepas, France at the age of 71.

”Lubitsch shows you first the king on the throne, then as he is in the bedroom. I show you the king in the bedroom so you’ll know just what he is when you see him on his throne.”

”If you live in France, for instance, and you have written one good book, or painted one good picture, or directed one outstanding film fifty years ago and nothing else since, you are still recognized and honored accordingly. People take their hats off to you and call you ”maître”. They do not forget. In Hollywood—in Hollywood, you’re as good as your last picture. If you didn’t have one in production within the last three months, you’re forgotten, no matter what you have achieved ere this.”

Urolophus piperatus

februari 28th, 2017

Urolophus piperatus Yearsley & Last, 2006

Urolophus piperatus  (лат.) — вид рода уролофов семейства короткохвостых хвостоколов отряда хвостоколообразных. Является эндемиком Кораллового моря. Встречается на глубине до 370 м. Грудные плавники этих скатов образуют ромбовидный диск, ширина которого превышает длину. Дорсальная поверхность диска окрашена в серый или коричневый цвет, иногда покрыта тёмными пятнышками. Между ноздрями имеется прямоугольная складка кожи. Тонкий хвост оканчивается листовидным хвостовым плавником, имеются латеральные складки кожи. В средней части хвостового стебля позади маленького спинного плавника расположен зазубренный шип. Максимальная зарегистрированная длина 48,4 см. В ареале обитает два вида хвостоколов, очень похожих друг на друга, которые, возможно, принадлежат к разным видам.

Размножается яйцеживорождением. Не является объектом целевого лова. Коммерческий промысел в ареале практически отсутствует.

Первая особь нового вида была получена в ходе исследовательской экспедиции, проведённой совместно французскими и австралийскими учеными в 1980-х годах. Временно виду было присвоено название Urolophis «sp. B», а в 2003 году он был научно описан в выпуске журнала «Cybium». Видовой эпитет происходит от слова лат. piper — «перец» и обусловлен пятнистой окраской скатов. Голотип представляет собой взрослого самца длиной 48,4 см, пойманного у побережья Квинсленда (19°57′ ю. ш. 151°44′ в. д.) на глубине 357 м. Паратипы: самка длиной 33 см, пойманная там же на глубине 200 и самцы длиной 29,7—43,6, пойманные там же на глубине 225—370 м.

Urolophus piperatus обитают у побережья Квинсленде от Мортон Айлендen до Кэрнса. Эти донные рыбы встречаются на внешнем крае континентального шельфа и в верхней части материкового склона на глубине 171—370 м.

Широкие грудные плавники этих скатов сливаются с головой и образуют ромбовидный диск, ширина которого составляет 113—121 % длины. «Крылья» закруглены, передний край диска почти прямой, заострённое мясистое рыло образует тупой угол и выступает за края диска. Позади довольно крупных глаз расположены брызгальца в виде запятых. Между ноздрями пролегает кожный лоскут с мелкобахромчатой нижней кромкой, переходящей по краям в удлинённые лопасти. Рот среднего размера. 32—35 верхних и 30—39 нижних зубных рядов. Зубы с ромбовидными основаниями выстроены в шахматном порядке. На дне ротовой полости расположены 7—9 пальцеобразных отростков, 5—7 отростков, расположенных посередине имеют разветвлённые кончики. На вентральной стороне диска расположено 5 пар коротких жаберных щелей. Небольшие брюшные плавники закруглены. У самцов имеются притуплённые птеригоподии

Длина короткого хвоста составляет 76—85 % от длины диска. По обе стороны хвостового стебля пролегают складки кожи. Хвост сужается и переходит в низкий листовидный хвостовой плавник. На дорсальной поверхности хвоста в центральной части позади низкого спинного плавника расположен зазубренный шип. Кожа лишена чешуи. Максимальная зарегистрированная длина 48 см bag phone cell phone. Скаты, обитающие в Коралловом море, в целом окрашены в серый или коричневый цвет и покрыты тёмными пятнышками, в то время как, особи, встречающиеся в водах Квинсленда тёмно-коричневые без отметин. Спинной и хвостовой плавники коричневые с чёрными краями. Молодые особи сильнее покрыты пятнами. Вдоль центральной оси хвоста у них пролегает тёмная линия. Вентральная поверхность белая, иногда края окантованы тёмным цветом, а на хвосте расположено несколько отметин.

Подобно прочим хвостоколообразным Urolophus piperatus размножаются яйцеживорождением. Длина новорожденных около 12 см. Численность помёта невелика. Самцы и самки достигают половой зрелости при длине 23 и 27 см соответственно. Несоответствие между максимальной зарегистрированной длиной и размером половозрелой особи, возможно, объясняется присутствием в Коралловом море двух схожих видов различной величины. Однако ни морфологическими ни меристическимиruen характеристиками они не отличаются.

Эти скаты не являются объектом целевого лов. В ареале интенсивный промысел отсутствует. Международный союз охраны природы присвоил этому виду статус сохранности «Вызывающий наименьшие опасения».

Saladin

februari 27th, 2017

Saladin (kurdisk: سەلاحەدینی ئەییووبی bpa drink bottles, Selahaddîn Eyûbî; arabisk: Salah ad-Din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub, صلاح الدين يوسف ابن ايوب; Salah ad-Din; fulde navn: al-Malik al-Nasir Salah al-Din Abu al-Muzaffer Yusuf ibn Ayyub ibn Shadi; født 1137 eller 1138, død 4. marts 1193) var en kurdisk muslimsk hærfører, der blev sultan i Egypten og Syrien og grundlagde Ayyubide-dynastiet. Han spillede en hovedrolle som leder af den muslimske modstand mod korsfarerne i Mellemøsten og generobrede Jerusalem i 1187. På sit højdepunkt omfattede hans sultanat Egypten, Syrien, Mesopotamien, Hijaz, Yemen og andre dele af Nordafrika.

Saladin har fået et meget positivt eftermæle i både den kristne og muslimske verden som en person, der er kendt for sin ridderlighed og barmhjertighed.

Saladin blev født i Tikrit i dagens Irak. Hans slægt var kurdisk, og hans onkel Shirkuh var en af Aleppos atabeg Nur ad-Dins generaler football team shirt designs. Som ung mand blev Saladin i 1163 sendt til Egypten, der på det tidspunkt blev regeret af Fatimide-kalifatet, af sin lensherre Nur ad-Din. I Egypten steg han i graderne som følge af sin militære succes i kampen mod korsfarerne og sit nære forhold til kalif al-Adid. Da Saladins onkel døde i 1169, udråbte al-Adid den sunnimuslimske Saladin til vesir, hvilket var en sjældenhed i det shiitiske kalifat. Efter al-Adids død i 1171 overtog Saladin magten i Egypten, hvorfra han ledte ekspeditioner mod korsfarerne i Palæstina og iværksatte erobringen af Yemen.

Kort efter Nur ad-Dins død i 1174 førte Saladin personligt an i erobringen af Syrien, hvor han holdt et fredeligt indtog i Damaskus. Ved midten af 1175 havde Saladin erobret Hama og Homs og dermed påkaldt sig fjendskab fra sine tidligere overherrer fra Zengid-dynastiet. Han besejrede kort efter Zengidernes hær i et slag og blev derpå udråbt til sultan af Egypten og Syrien af abbaside-kaliffen al-Mustadi. Han fortsatte med nye erobringer i det nordlige Syrien og slap levende fra to attentater på sit liv af assasinerne, før han vendte tilbage til Egypten i 1177 for at tage sig af affærer der. I 1182 fuldendte han erobringen af Syrien ved at indtage Aleppo, men mislykkedes i at erobre Zengidernes tilholdssted Mosul.

Under Saladins personlige lederskab besejrede Ajjubidernes hær korsfarerne ved det afgørende slag ved Hattin i 1187, hvilket førte til den muslimske generobring af Palæstina fra korsfarerne, der havde erobret området 88 år tidligere. Selvom korsfarerriget Kongeriget Jerusalem fortsatte med at eksistere i endnu en periode, markerede dets nederlag ved Hattin et vendepunkt i konflikten mellem korsfarerne og muslimerne.

Saladin er blevet en prominent person i muslimsk, arabisk, tyrkisk og kurdisk kultur. I 1193 døde han i Damaskus, hvor han er begravet i et mausoleum ved siden af Umayyade-moskéen.

I den vestlige verden har Saladin fået et udbredt ry som en ridderlig og generøs fyrste homemade meat tenderizer.

Saladin forsvandt næsten fra historien efter Middelalderen, men blev skildret i et sympatisk skær i Gotthold Ephraim Lessings skuespil Nathan den vise (1779) og i Sir Walter Scotts roman Talismanen (1825). Nutidens syn på Saladin stammer især fra disse to litterære tekster. Scotts fremstilling af Saladin er blevet beskrevet som ”en moderne [dvs. 1800-tals] liberal europæisk gentleman, i forhold til hvilken middelalderlige vesterlændinge altid ville have gjort et dårligt indtryk.”

I 1898 besøgte den tyske kejser Wilhelm II Saladins grav for at vise sin respekt. Besøget førte i forbindelse med en generel anti-imperialistisk stemning nationalistiske arabere til at genopfinde Saladins image og fremstille ham som en helt i kampene mod Vesten. Den fremstilling af Saladin, de anvendte, var den heroiske figur, der var skabt af bl.a. Walter Scott. Det forandrede Saladins eftermæle fra en figur, der omtrent havde været glemt i den arabiske verden.

Selvom ajjubidedynastiet i Egypten, som Saladin grundlagde, kun eksisterede i 57 år efter hans død, er Saladins arv og eftermæle stadig en realitet i vore dage. Med opkomsten af den arabiske nationalisme i det 20. århundrede fik Saladins mod og lederskab ny betydning. Saladins generobring af Palæstina fra de europæiske korsfarere opfattedes som en stor inspiration for nutidens arabiske modstand mod zionismen. Desuden er prestigen og den forholdsvis samlede arabiske verden under Saladin blevet set som et perfekt symbol for den nye enhed, som nationalisterne som eksempelvis Gamal Abdel Nasser efterstræbte. Af denne årsag blev Saladins ørn symbol for det revolutionære Egypten, og blev senere overtaget som symbol af adskillige andre arabiske stater som Forenede Arabiske Emirater, Iraq, Libyen, Palæstina og Yemen.

Saladin har siden 1923 været en figur i flere film, der foregår i middelalderen. Fra nyere tid kan nævnes: Kingdom of Heaven (2005), Arn: Tempelridderen (2007) og Arn: Riget ved vejens ende (2008).

Ovation Pharmaceuticals

februari 27th, 2017

Ovation Pharmaceuticals is an American manufacturer and distributor of pharmaceuticals products. It was founded in 2000 by Jeffrey Aronin and is headquartered in Deerfield wholesale yoga socks, Illinois safe water bottles to reuse. A major office is also located near Lebanon, New Jersey. Ovation is a privately held corporation based on a business model of acquiring mature but under-promoted pharmaceuticals sells goalie gloves, as well as pharmaceutical candidates which are far along the development and FDA certification processes. Since 2009 the company has been wholly owned by the Danish pharmaceutical company Lundbeck.

The company particularly focuses on niche drugs for small patient populations. Products include the ADHD medicine Desoxyn (brand name for methamphetamine hydrochloride) and vigabatrin sports water bottles, an anticonvulsant that inhibits the catabolism of GABA and is indicated for epilepsy and substance abuse.

In 2003 Sanofi sold its interests in stanozolol, Methylphenobarbital, and Dimercaptosuccinic acid to Ovation.

In March 2009 Lundbeck purchased Ovation for $600 million in cash, with further payments of up to $300 million based on regulatory approvals for vigabatrin (Sabril), which was under development at the time.

In 2008 the Federal Trade Commission sued Ovation in Minnesota federal district court over its 2006 acquisition of NeoProfen, a treatment for a congenital heart defect in newborns known as patent ductus arteriosus. Ovation already owned Indocin IV, the only other drug used for this condition. Upon acquiring the only competitor for Indocin IV, Ovation raised the price of both drugs by 1,300 percent, from $36 per vial to nearly $500 per vial. The dramatic price increase was the subject of a 2008 Congressional hearing. In 2010 a district court judge ruled that the FTC had not proved its case.

Domaine d’holomorphie

februari 27th, 2017

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations des projets correspondants.

En mathématiques et plus précisément en analyse complexe à plusieurs variables, on dit qu’un domaine





D








C




n






{\displaystyle D\subset \mathbb {C} ^{n}}


(i.e. un ouvert connexe), est un domaine d’holomorphie s’il existe une fonction





f




{\displaystyle f}


analytique dans





D




{\displaystyle D}


et non prolongeable ailleurs.

Dans le cas particulier des domaines plans, cette propriété est triviale. Mais ce n’est plus vrai dans le cas général comme l’explicite le théorème de Hartogs : il suffit par exemple de considérer





D


=




C




n








{


0


}




{\displaystyle D=\mathbb {C} ^{n}\backslash \{0\}}


dans lequel toute fonction analytique se prolonge nécessairement à l’espace







C




n






{\displaystyle \mathbb {C} ^{n}}


tout entier.

Un domaine





D




{\displaystyle D}


qui n’est pas un domaine d’holomorphie admet une extension holomorphe





G




{\displaystyle G}


. Si de plus





f




{\displaystyle f}


est holomorphe dans





D




{\displaystyle D}


, alors son prolongement à





G




{\displaystyle G}


ne peut prendre que des valeurs déjà prises sur





D




{\displaystyle D}


.

Un ouvert





D




{\displaystyle D}


connexe de







C




n






{\displaystyle \mathbb {C} ^{n}}


est un domaine d’holomorphie s’il n’existe aucun couple d’ouverts





(



D



1




,



D



2




)




{\displaystyle (D_{1},D_{2})}


vérifiant les propriétés suivantes:

Un polydisque ou plus généralement un produit de domaines plans est un domaine d’holomorphie.

Soit





{



D



i





}



i






{\displaystyle \{D_{i}\}_{i}}


une famille de domaines d’holomorphie et





G




{\displaystyle G}


leur intersection. Alors toute composante connexe de l’intérieur







G










{\displaystyle {\overset {\circ }{G}}}


est un domaine d’holomorphie.

L’enveloppe holomorphiquement convexe d’un ensemble





M




{\displaystyle M}


d’un domaine





D








C




n






{\displaystyle D\subset \mathbb {C} ^{n}}


(i.e un ouvert connexe), ou plus généralement d’une variété complexe





D




{\displaystyle D}


est par définition :









M


^









O




(


D


)




=


{


z






D


:



|



f


(


z


)



|








sup



M





|



f



|



;







f








O




(


D


)


}


.




{\displaystyle {\hat {M}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D)}=\{z\in D:|f(z)|\leq \sup _{M}|f|;\;\forall f\in {\mathcal {O}}(D)\}.}


Soit





K






D




{\displaystyle K\Subset D}


un compact. On a les propriétés suivantes :









K


^









O




(


D


)






{\displaystyle {\hat {K}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D)}}


est un fermé de





D




{\displaystyle D}


contenant





K




{\displaystyle K}


. De plus,






sup





K


^








|



f



|



=



sup



K





|



f



|



;








f








O




(


D


)




{\displaystyle \sup _{\hat {K}}|f|=\sup _{K}|f|;\;\;\forall f\in {\mathcal {O}}(D)}


.

C’est-à-dire,











K


^





^









O




(


D


)




=






K


^









O




(


D


)






{\displaystyle {\hat {\hat {K}}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D)}={\hat {K}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D)}}






φ



:


D







D








{\displaystyle \varphi :D\rightarrow D’}


est une application holomorphe entre deux domaines et





K






D




{\displaystyle K\Subset D}


une partie compacte alors :





φ




(






K


^









O




(


D


)




)












φ




(


K


)




^









O




(


D


)






{\displaystyle \varphi \left({\hat {K}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D)}\right)\subset {\hat {\varphi \left(K\right)}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D)}}






D







D














K


^









O




(


D


)












K


^









O




(



D






)








D




{\displaystyle D\subset D’\Longrightarrow {\hat {K}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D)}\subset {\hat {K}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D’)}\cap D}


.









K


^









O




(


D


)






{\displaystyle {\hat {K}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D)}}


est la réunion de





K




{\displaystyle K}


et des composantes connexes de





D






K




{\displaystyle D\backslash K}


relativement compactes. Ceci découle principalement du principe du maximum.

Il peut s’avérer utile d’étudier l’enveloppe





F




{\displaystyle F}


-convexe d’un compact





K






D




{\displaystyle K\Subset D}


relativement à une sous-classe





F








O




(


D


)




{\displaystyle F\subset {\mathcal {O}}(D)}


de fonctions holomorphes. On la note alors









K


^







F






{\displaystyle {\hat {K}}_{F}}


.

Par exemple si





F




{\displaystyle F}


désigne l’ensemble des fonctions linéaires, on retrouve l’enveloppe convexe au sens géométrique.

Si





F


=




O




(




C




n




)




{\displaystyle F={\mathcal {O}}(\mathbb {C} ^{n})}


, on appelle









K


^









O




(




C




n




)






{\displaystyle {\hat {K}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(\mathbb {C} ^{n})}}


l’enveloppe polynomiale convexe. On peut également définir l’enveloppe rationnelle convexe de la même manière.

Si





F







F












O




(


D


)




{\displaystyle F\subset F’\subset {\mathcal {O}}(D)}


alors









K


^








F
















K


^







F






{\displaystyle {\hat {K}}_{F’}\subset {\hat {K}}_{F}}


.

Sans précision, on considère l’enveloppe holomorphiquement convexe par rapport au domaine.

On dit qu’un domaine





D




{\displaystyle D}


est holomorphiquement convexe si :





K






D










K


^









O




(


D


)








D




{\displaystyle K\Subset D\Longrightarrow {\hat {K}}_{{\mathcal {O}}(D)}\Subset D}


.

Un domaine





D




{\displaystyle D}


est holomorphiquement convexe si et seulement s’il existe une suite





{



K



n





}



n






{\displaystyle \{K_{n}\}_{n}}






D




{\displaystyle D}


tels que :

Si





D




{\displaystyle D}


est un domaine d’holomorphie et





K






D




{\displaystyle K\Subset D}


alors :





d


i


s


t


(


K


,






D


)


=


d


i


s


t


(





K


^






,






D


)




{\displaystyle dist(K,\partial D)=dist({\hat {K}} Fashion Jewelry for Women,\partial D)}


.

Un domaine est un domaine d’holomorphie si et seulement s’il est holomorphiquement convexe.

Comme application, tout domaine géométriquement convexe est un domaine d’holomorphie. Un domaine de Reinhardt est un domaine d’holomorphie si et seulement s’il est domaine de convergence d’une série entière.

Château d’Ouchy

februari 27th, 2017

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Lausanne

Géolocalisation sur la carte : canton de Vaud

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Suisse

Le château d’Ouchy est un château converti en hôtel, il se trouve dans le quartier d’Ouchy à Lausanne en Suisse.

Ses origines sont liées à l’évêché de Lausanne&nbsp water bag running;: Landri de Durnes fait construire une tour sur les rives du lac Léman vers 1170. Un siècle plus tard, l’ouvrage fut reconstruit puis transformé en résidence fortifiée pour les évêques, dont Guillaume de Varax qui l’appréciait particulièrement. L’ouvrage servait également de prison. Dès le XVIe siècle, sous l’époque bernoise, le château fut délaissé et sa tour réduite en cendres en 1609, son donjon fit également office de grenier. L’État de Vaud récupéra cette possession après le départ des Bernois.

Jean-Jacques Mercier le rachète en 1885. Il rase les ruines et les anciennes constructions, à l’exception de la tour sweater de piller, et fait construire entre 1889 et 1893 un bâtiment de style néo-gothique, à usage d’hôtel ; c’est toujours la fonction aujourd’hui du bâtiment, par ailleurs inscrit comme bien culturel suisse d’importance régionale.

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

Cesare Geronzi

februari 27th, 2017

Cesare Geronzi

Cesare Geronzi, né le à Marino, est un banquier italien. Il fut président de Mediobanca et des assurances Generali.

Cesare Geronzi fait ses débuts à la Banca d’Italia en 1960. Après 20 ans d’activité meat tenderizer liquid, il rejoint la Banco di Napoli. En octobre 1982, il est nommé directeur général de la caisse d’épargne Cassa di Risparmio di Roma. Dans les années 1990, il est président de Banca di Roma.

En 2003, en tant que président de la banque Capitalia, il se retrouve au centre de l’affaire Cirio, suspecté de banqueroute frauduleuse et escroquerie.

En 2007, il est nommé président de Mediobanca thermos large hydration bottle.

En , il est nommé président de la compagnie d’assurance Generali en succession d’Antoine Bernheim et pour un mandat de trois ans. Selon Bernheim, Cesare Geronzi ne voulait pas de ce poste. À la tête de Generali, il souhaite rediriger les investissements du groupe vers le secteur bancaire. Face à un conseil d’administration qui ne lui est pas favorable, dont Diego Della Valle, il démissionne le malgré le soutien de Vincent Bolloré et prend la présidence de la fondation de l’entreprise. Il est remplacé à la tête de Generali par Giovanni Perissinotto, qui sera lui aussi révoqué un an plus tard.

En , Cesare Geronzi est condamné à 5 ans de prison pour faillite frauduleuse dans l’affaire Parmalat. En , la cour d’appel de Bologne confirme cette peine, même si, en raison de ses 78 ans, Cesare Geronzi ne devra pas purger sa peine en prison. En , la cour de cassation a rejeté les peines de prison prononcées par la cour d’appel de Bologne et ordonne un nouveau procès.

Cesare Geronzi est marié avec Giuliana Iozzi, avec qui il a deux filles, Benedetta et Chiara. Il est grand-père de quatre petits-enfants.

Паренаго, Олег Павлович

februari 27th, 2017

СССР СССР&nbsp best insulated stainless steel water bottle;Россия

нефтехимия

ИНХС РАН

доктор химических наук

профессор

МГУ

Олег Павлович Паренаго — учёный-химик, член-корреспондент РАЕН (1999), лауреат премии имени Н. Д. Зелинского.

Сын советского астронома, члена-корреспондент АН СССР Павла Петровича Паренаго (1906-1960).

В 1963 году окончил химический факультет МГУ cheap football t shirts.

В 1970 году защитил кандидатскую диссертацию, тема: «Изучение некоторых реакций π-аллильных комплексов никеля в связи с процессом полимеризации диенов».

В 1989 году защитил докторскую диссертацию, тема: «Селективное гидрирования сопряженных диенов и химических наук»

С 1963 года и по настоящее время работает в ИНХС РАН, пройдя путь от стажера-исследователя до заместителя директора по науке.

С 1999 года – член-корреспондент РАЕН.

В 2007 году присвоено учёное звание профессора кафедры органической химии и химии нефти.

Область научных интересов:

Автор 196 научных публикаций, среди них:

Председатель диссертационного совета ИНХС РАН, член диссертационных советов МГУ (химический факультет) и РГУНГ имени И. М. Губкина.

Ответственный секретарь журнала «Нефтехимия», заместитель председателя Научного совета РАН по нефтехимии, член Межведомственного совета по трибологии.

Под его руководством защищено 11 кандидатских и 1 докторская диссертация.

Antonio María Valencia

februari 27th, 2017

Antonio María Valencia (10 November 1902 – 22 July 1952) was a Colombian composer and pianist best thermos, one of his country’s most important classical musicians in the first half of the twentieth century.

He composed in several genres. Among his most important cultural achievements was to promote the creation of the first conservatory in the southwest region of Colombia in the city of Cali women sleeveless dress. This conservatory is currently part of the Instituto Departamental de Bellas Artes.

Antonio Maria Valencia was born in Cali. He received his first musical lessons from his father, Julio Valencia, and continued his pianistic studies with Honorio Alarcón at the Bogotá Conservatory. Thanks to a scholarship he traveled in 1923 to France in order to study piano and composition at the Schola Cantorum with Paul Braud and Vincent d’Indy. In 1929 he returned to Colombia to teach at the conservatory, which had become part of the National University in Bogotá how to tenderize round steak without a mallet. After resigning this position in 1931 he was put in charge of the recently founded conservatory of Cali (1933). In this institution he worked intensively as a teacher as well as choral and orchestra conductor. The nationalistic style of his compositions became a model for his generation in Colombia. He composed piano, chamber and choral pieces, using folk melodies and rhythms with impressionist harmonies.

februari 27th, 2017

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations des projets correspondants.

(minuscule : ), appelé G insulaire culbuté, est une lettre additionnelle utilisée dans une grammaire du vieux cornique en même temps que le G insulaire ‹ Ᵹ ᵹ › et le G ‹ G g ›.

Le g insulaire culbuté est utilisé par William Pryce (en) en 1790 dans la grammaire cornique Archaeologia Cornu-Britannica pour représenté une consonne nasale vélaire voisée [ŋ]. Pryce l’utilise pour distinguer cette prononciations du g de la consonne occlusive vélaire voisée [ɡ] dans les manuscrits corniques de certains mots Evegil (Evengil) « l’évangile », Cyghellur (Kynghelhor) « chancelier », Log (Lhong) « un navire » best soccer socks, segit rụg (sengid rhung) « faire face à une choix » wrist pouch for runners, transcrits Eveꝿil, Cyꝿhelluꞃ 32 ounce glass water bottle, Loꝿ, ꝼeꝿiꞇ ꞃụꝿ avec le g insulaire culbuté.

Le G insulaire culbuté peut être représenté par les caractères Unicode (latin étendu D) suivants :


MCM Rucksack | Kelme Outlet | maje dresses outlet| maje dresses for sale

kelme paul frank outlet new balance outlet bogner outlet le coq sportif outlet Liten blir stor